Gum de-pigmentation is a procedure under cosmetic dentistry or smile designing to remove dark spots or patches on the gums.
The normal colour of the gingiva is pink, but excess deposits of melanin can create what seem to be black spots or patches on the gums, creating an aesthetic or cosmetic problem. Melanin is produced by special cells called melanocytes, which reside in the basal layer of the gums’ cells. Discolouration may also be caused by long term use of certain medications.
A subjective and clinical assessment is done before suggesting this procedure. The procedure can involve surgical, chemical, or laser ablation techniques. The basic purpose of all the techniques is to remove the discoloured layer of top most layer of gingival. Melanocytes take time to make new melanin pigment, before they fill up the top most layer again.
At DDCRC, we do this procedure as a part of smile designing protocol, as and when required in some cases.